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GRE机经重点全面透析|GRE填空机经专题十六

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派小星 2020-12-06
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今天雷哥GRE要与大家分享的是由雷哥网老师带来的GRE机经重点全面透析---GRE填空机经专题十六!


1. Wood is an environmentally friendly building material because it _____ carbon dioxide, absorbing it during growth and retaining it even after it has been turned into lumber.

A. disperses

B. eradicates

C. sequesters

D. respires

E. Regulates


解析:C

逻辑关系提示词:“,”取同

填空对应:absorbing and retaining

词汇:disperse 分散

Eradicate 根除

Sequester - withdraw 回收

Respire 呼吸

Regulate 管理


2. Despite the fact that it is quite difficult to find, in everyday discourse, causal explanations taking the form Hume proposed, many philosophers have regarded Hume’s model as _____ causal accounts.

A. paradigmatic of

B. unworkable for

C. tendentious about

D. superfluous to

E. irreducible to


解析:A

逻辑关系提示词:despite,取反;difficult,取反

解释:选项应该选正向词

词汇:paradigmatic of 典范

Unworkable 不能实行的

Tendentious about 有偏见的

Superfluous to 多余的

Irreducible to 不可削减的


3. Goodin notes that people have (i)_____ cognitive capacities and that they therefore must consider some factors as (ii)_____ so as to be able to make decisions about other things.

A. limited D. essential

B. adaptable E. variable

C. overlooked F. given


解析:CF

逻辑关系提示词:and,取同;so as to,取同

解释:一空后的cognitive capacities是一个提示,and部分说为了能给其他事情做决定,人们必须把一些因素看做空二,这句中的some 和other提示了一空中的cognitive capacities应该是有限的,选出A;因为要给其他事情做决定,因此二空修饰的some factors应该是不需要考虑的,选出given。

词汇:limited 有限的

Adaptable 可适应的

Overlooked 被忽视的

Essential 基本的

Variable 变量

Given 给定的


4. Some people (i)_____ translations of great literary works—especially those insistent on a literal translation for whom no rendering is ever (ii)_____ enough.

A. dismiss     D. faithful

B. tolerate     E. creative

C. esteem     F. spontaneous


解析:AD

逻辑关系提示词:“-”,取同

解释:此题一二空联动,先看二空,二空说对于那些坚持逐字翻译(literal translation)的人来说,没有翻译是足够空二的。既然他们坚持逐字翻译,那么说明他们对准确性要求很高,二空选出D,他们认为没有翻译是足够精确的;由破折号后句可知他们对翻译持负向态度,选出A。

词汇:dismiss 不考虑

Tolerate 容忍

Esteem 尊敬

Faithful 准确的

Creative 有创造力的

Spontaneous 自发的


5. It was not until 1995 that a planet beyond our solar system was first sighted, a discovery that greatly excited astronomers. Many had supposed that the processes that gave rise to our solar system were not (i)_____, and that there were other planets in the universe. Now, observations

had (ii)_____.

A. manifest           D. caught up with belief

B. replicable         E. provided grounds for skepticism

C. unique             F. put assumptions to the test


解析:CD

逻辑关系提示词:not,取反;and,取同;“.”,取同

填空对应:there were other planets in the universe - blank iⅈ

词汇:manifest 显然的

Replicable 可复制的

Unique 独特的

Caught up with belief 跟想法对接上

Provided grounds for skepticism 为怀疑论提供证据

Put assumptions to the test 为验证提供假想


6. The longer the migratory route, the more fat migrating birds must accumulate as fuel for their flight. The gain in body mass would make birds obese by human standards, and should render them unable to fly, but this gain is (i)_____ premigratory (ii)_____ of digestive organs, inactive during migration, and by the (iii)_____ of the muscles that power the flight.

A. partially offset by             D. shrinking          G. strengthening

B. strongly suggestive of      E. specialization   H. attenuation

C. seemingly unrelated to   F. capacity              I. responsiveness


解析:ADG

逻辑关系提示词:but,句内取反;“,”,取同;

解释:第一句说鸟迁移的越远,需要积累的脂肪越多。第二句前半句说这些本应该导致鸟不能飞,but句内取反,后面应该说脂肪不会导致鸟不能飞,因此一空选出A;二空根据后面的inactive during migration,选出D;三空根据muscles that power the flight,选出G

词汇:partially offset by 被部分抵消

Strongly suggestive of 强烈建议

Seemingly unrelated to 看起来不相关

Shrinking 缩小

Specialization 专业化

Capacity 容量

Strengthening 加强

Attenuation 减弱

Responsiveness 反应性


7. In spite of her fascination with chance, coincidence, and contingency, Stanning’s novels are _____ constructed, written from the head rather than the heart.

A. hastily

B. extravagantly

C. painstakingly

D. meticulously

E. evocatively

F. Impulsively


解析:CD

逻辑关系提示词:“,”,取同

填空对应:head

词汇:hastily 匆忙地

Extravagantly 挥霍地

Painstakingly - meticulously 细致地

Evocatively 唤起地

Impulsively 冲动地


8. Although traditionally artists have rightly been seen as the most _____ audience for the work of their colleagues, today taste is also created by critics and curators and occasionally by collectors.

A. arbitrary

B. volatile

C. perceptive

D. impulsive

E. subjective

F. Discerning


解析:CF

逻辑关系提示词:although,取反

解释:主句说现在的品味也被critics, curators and collectors塑造,因此我们可以看出,主句应该说artists塑造品味,选出DF,意为“过去艺术家最能识别同行的作品”。

词汇:arbitrary 任意的

Volatile 挥发的

Perceptive - discerning洞察力强的

Impulsive 冲动的

Subjective 主观的


9. Every serious attempt at a historical portrait of the past will subtly absorb the milieu and temperament of its living author, however _____ he or she sets out to be.

A. entertaining

B. comprehensive

C. objective

D. engaging

E. rigorous

F. Impartial


解析:CF

逻辑关系提示词:however = no matter how

填空对应:absorb the milieu and temperament

词汇:entertaining 娱乐的

Comprehensive 全面的

Objective - impartial 客观的

Engaging 迷人的

Rigorous 严格的


10. Although we no longer have to rely on salt to keep food from spoiling, our appetite for it is _____: most people eat much more salt than they need.

A. involuntary

B. inconstant

C. unabated

D. unpredictable

E. undiminished

F. Insatiable


解析:CE

逻辑关系提示词:although no longer...取同;“:”,取同

填空对应:rely on/much more than need

词汇:involuntary 不知不觉的

Inconstant 多变的

Unabated - undiminished 没减少的

Unpredictable 不可预测的

Insatiable 贪得无厌的


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