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That Louise Nevelson is believed by many critics to be the greatest twentieth-century sculptor is all the more remarkable because the greatest resistance to women artists has been, until recently, in the field of sculpture. Since Neolithic times, sculpture has been considered the prerogative of men, partly, perhaps, for purely physical reasons: it was erroneously assumed that women were not suited for the hard manual labor required in sculpting stone, carving wood, or working in metal. It has been only during the twentieth century that women sculptors have been recognized as major artists, and it has been in the United States, especially since the decades of the fifties and sixties, that women sculptors have shown the greatest originality and creative power. Their rise to prominence parallels the development of sculpture itself in the United States: while there had been a few talented sculptors in the United States before the 1940’s, it was only after 1945—when New York was rapidly becoming the art capital of the world—that major sculpture was produced in the United States. Some of the best was the work of women.
By far the most outstanding of these women is Louise Nevelson, who in the eyes of many critics is the most original female artist alive today. One famous and influential critic, Hilton Kramer, said of her work, “For myself, I think Ms. Nevelson succeeds where the painters often fail.”
Her works have been compared to the Cubist constructions of Picasso, the Surrealistic objects of Miro, and the Merzbau of Schwitters. Nevelson would be the first to admit that she has been influenced by all of these, as well as by African sculpture, and by Native American and pre-Columbian art, but she has absorbed all these influences and still created a distinctive art that expresses the urban landscape and the aesthetic sensibility of the twentieth century. Nevelson says, “I have always wanted to show the world that art is everywhere, except that it has to pass through a creative mind.”
Using mostly discarded wooden objects like packing crates, broken pieces of furniture, and abandoned architectural ornaments, all of which she has hoarded for years, she assembles architectural constructions of great beauty and power. Creating very freely with no sketches, she glues and nails objects together, paints them black, or more rarely white or gold, and places them in boxes. These assemblages, walls, even entire environments create a mysterious, almost awe-inspiring atmosphere. Although she has denied any symbolic or religious intent in her works, their three-dimensional grandeur and even their titles, such as Sky Cathedral and Night Cathedral, suggest such connotations. In some ways, her most ambitious works are closer to architecture than to traditional sculpture, but then neither Louise Nevelson nor her art fits into any neat category.
[填空 ]真题1300题 -8954
Having an intense and long-standing culture of (i)_____, the company understandably has a reputation as the supreme corporate (ii)_____. But even by these standard, the degree of secrecy surrounding the company’s most recent research is (iii)_____.
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8953
According to the passage, the “shifting-baseline syndrome” is a result of which of the following?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8952
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8951
According to the passage, Sinodonty and Sundadonty differ from one another in that Sinodonty
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8950
The passage implies that Turner’s conclusion regarding the origins of most Native American populations is based in part on which of the following findings?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8949
In the argument given, the two highlighted portions play which of the following roles?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8948
In the context in which it appears, “appreciation of” most nearly means
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8947
According to the passage, critics approach Jane Austen’s work in biographical or historical ways for which of the following reasons?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8946
Which of the following can be inferred regarding the case of Baker v. Carr?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8945
The author of the passage uses the analogy of the archaeology most probably in order to
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8944
It can be inferred that the author of the passage would agree with which of the following claims about The Cry?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8943
The passage presents which of the following as evidence in favor of Fielding and Collier’s having collaborated in writing The Cry?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8942
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the proposed explanation?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8941
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8940
The primary purpose of the passage is to
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8939
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8938
Which of the following can be inferred about the studies mentioned in the highlighted portion of the passage?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8937
In the context in which it appears, “ordered” most nearly means
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8936
According to the passage, which of the following statements about ant interactions is true?
[阅读&逻辑 ]经典真题300篇 -8935
The author of the passage mentions conservatives in the highlighted sentence primarily in order to