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That Louise Nevelson is believed by many critics to be the greatest twentieth-century sculptor is all the more remarkable because the greatest resistance to women artists has been, until recently, in the field of sculpture. Since Neolithic times, sculpture has been considered the prerogative of men, partly, perhaps, for purely physical reasons: it was erroneously assumed that women were not suited for the hard manual labor required in sculpting stone, carving wood, or working in metal. It has been only during the twentieth century that women sculptors have been recognized as major artists, and it has been in the United States, especially since the decades of the fifties and sixties, that women sculptors have shown the greatest originality and creative power. Their rise to prominence parallels the development of sculpture itself in the United States: while there had been a few talented sculptors in the United States before the 1940’s, it was only after 1945—when New York was rapidly becoming the art capital of the world—that major sculpture was produced in the United States. Some of the best was the work of women.
By far the most outstanding of these women is Louise Nevelson, who in the eyes of many critics is the most original female artist alive today. One famous and influential critic, Hilton Kramer, said of her work, “For myself, I think Ms. Nevelson succeeds where the painters often fail.”
Her works have been compared to the Cubist constructions of Picasso, the Surrealistic objects of Miro, and the Merzbau of Schwitters. Nevelson would be the first to admit that she has been influenced by all of these, as well as by African sculpture, and by Native American and pre-Columbian art, but she has absorbed all these influences and still created a distinctive art that expresses the urban landscape and the aesthetic sensibility of the twentieth century. Nevelson says, “I have always wanted to show the world that art is everywhere, except that it has to pass through a creative mind.”
Using mostly discarded wooden objects like packing crates, broken pieces of furniture, and abandoned architectural ornaments, all of which she has hoarded for years, she assembles architectural constructions of great beauty and power. Creating very freely with no sketches, she glues and nails objects together, paints them black, or more rarely white or gold, and places them in boxes. These assemblages, walls, even entire environments create a mysterious, almost awe-inspiring atmosphere. Although she has denied any symbolic or religious intent in her works, their three-dimensional grandeur and even their titles, such as Sky Cathedral and Night Cathedral, suggest such connotations. In some ways, her most ambitious works are closer to architecture than to traditional sculpture, but then neither Louise Nevelson nor her art fits into any neat category.
achitectural constructions sometimes could be pretty large.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9741
Space is often referred to as the final frontier, as the only realm of which humankind has still to gain substantial understanding, yet the ocean is also another vast area about which our knowledge is _____.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9740
The author engages this issue from diverse perspectives, supports his arguments with many examples, and manages to avoid antagonizing others in dealing with a very _____ subject.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9739
Even before she went to art school, Veronica found the standard design categories _____: she didn’t understand why designing buildings and designing tables should require different sensibilities.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9738
His premiership, seemingly cast-iron year ago, is now so vulnerable that even a good day at the office does no more than buy him a few weeks of _____ from rebels within his own party.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9737
For almost two centuries, the German island of Sylt has offered various therapies for every conceivable (i)_____ from broken bones to liver complaints. The local mud, saltwater, thermal pools, and spas have been deemed (ii)_____ by the German medical system, which (iii)_____ some of these treatments. Consequently, the treatments are widely used.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9736
As Ellen Donkin explains, in eighteenth-century England, writing plays (i)_____ women. Even when the (ii)_____ meant that playwriting did not bring personal fame, the work nevertheless enabled them to present their own views to the public and offered the possibility of acquiring capital.
[填空 ]OG -9735
Due to the extraordinary circumstances, British business owners found themselves in a (i)_____ position during the Second World War, forced to accept regular interference from government and to acquiesce to (ii)_____ role for labor unions in negotiating the terms and conditions of employment.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9734
Scholarly works on detective stories often begin with (i)_____, suggesting that there is something vaguely wrong with adults who spend their time reading such fiction and certainly something (ii)_____ those who devote energy to its analysis.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9733
Apparently, advanced tortoises evolved multiple times: the high-domed shells and columnar, elephantine feet of current forms are specializations for terrestrial life that evolved _____ on each continent.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9732
Politicians who invoke the founders of the United States in support of their views seem to imply that the founders consistently concurred in their own views when in reality they were a highly _____ group of thinkers.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9731
Many of the mid-1980s studies of the interaction between solar wind and the cometary ionosphere represent scientific noise rather than true advances, since the haste in interpreting the data frequently led to______or even erroneous results.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9730
His lackadaisical approach to this project belies his well-known reputation for______.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9729
Suburbanization arguably ushered in numerous changes in the way many people in the United States lived. the suburbs______a society based on unprecedented consumption and intense privacy.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9728
The author argued that the industrial agricultural system that prevails in the United States is unsustainable and, therefore, anything that_______it should be questioned.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9727
When film adaptations of literary classics are lackluster it is often because they______a certain______to the cultural prestige of literature. The good ones, by contrast, succeed through the arrogant assumption that a great novel is not a ______ artifact but rather a lump of interesting material to be shaped according to the filmmaker's will.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9726
Penrose is ______ theoretical physicists for engaging in ______what is implied by ______The known data. One of his favorite examples is inflationary cosmology, which, according to him, is treated as an established theory despite a lack of evidence.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9725
Some scholars have interpreted marks incised on pottery during the Neolithic period, some nearly 6000 years old,As the______ of writing. But while the marks do appear to have been meaningful symbols, and while the use of symbols is ______ writing, there is______ _that the pottery symbols evolved into a true script.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9724
Though acknowledging the unstated assumptions that commentators on her paper bad identified, the geologist pointed out that such assumptions were_______ the context of her research and therefor their existence did not_______ her conclusions.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9723
Many readers today consider the moral sentiments expressed in the ancient winter's work to be quite vapid, and in the seventeenth century they were similarly regarded as______.
[填空 ]冲分救命题（机经） -9722
The company suffers from an almost total lack of______ even the most innocuous comunications between departments tend to devolve into acrimony.